Guardians who are appointed to handle matters of an estate or life decisions for someone who is incapacitated have a lot on their plate. Often, individuals serving in guardianship capacities must make life-or-death or life-altering decisions for someone else. In some cases, guardians are in charge of financial resources for a person or estate. Any of those situations come with a great deal of responsibility.
Because of the level of responsibility and trust involved in a guardianship, no side should take the matter of appointing a guardian lightly. Individuals who are currently able to care for themselves may want to consider creating documents detailing guardianship wishes for the future. As it states on our guardianship page, if no guardian is appointed by estate documents, a family member or other interested party may seek to make themselves guardian should the situation demand it.
A person who is seeking to be made guardian or who is considering accepting a request to be a potential future guardian should understand all the requirements that come with that position. An experienced estate planning professional can walk individuals through the guardianship process on both sides, ensuring everyone is comfortable with future or current arrangements.
Other guardian matters that may involve legal attention include challenging a person who wants to be made guardian or challenging the fact that you need a guardian at all. Age should not be a factor when it comes to legal rights, which is why it’s important to understand estate planning options and how to legally protect your assets, life and wishes even during end-of-life years.
We’ve all seen the television shows where an unknown heir comes forward to contest a will to claim millions from his or her long-lost relative. However, that really doesn’t happen very often. There are a few challenges to the validity of a will that are recognized in Texas, though. Consider the following:
Fraud: This can be difficult to prove. An heir or beneficiary who wants to contest a will on this point will need to prove that the author of the will signed it because he or she was tricked in some way. An example of fraud would be someone signing a will that he or she believed was another legal document.
Undue influence: This is another reason for contesting a will that can be difficult to prove. This is often used by those who are left out of a will and believe that someone pressured the decedent to change his or her will.
Lack of capacity: A will may be contested if it is believed that the author of the will was not mentally capable of understanding what he or she was creating and signing.
Improper execution: A court could throw a will out if it was not filed or executed properly.
Creating your last will and testament is an important step in the estate planning process. You want to preserve your legacy for your heirs, but you also don’t want to make a difficult time in their lives even more amplified by not having a legally-executable estate plan. The advice of an estate planning attorney can be very beneficial and ensure that your wishes are carried out after your death.
Source: AARP, “Where There’s a Will …” Sep. 24, 2014
Wealthy estates in Texas are often passed down from generation to generation. So how does it happen? With all family members gathered into the family lawyer’s conference room after the head of the family dies — where the attorney then reads the will aloud to the hopeful attendees like we see on television? Not really, or not as a general rule anyway. Wills do not have to be read aloud or with all parties present.
In normal circumstances, the attorney mails a copy of the will to the relevant parties, which is usually the executor of the will and the beneficiaries listed in the will. The executor of the will is the party that has been named by the deceased to be responsible for ensuring that his or her last will and testament is carried out.
What about disinherited heirs who may have been in a previous will? Do they get a copy? By law, a copy is not required to be sent to them; however, an attorney can send them a copy if they believe they will be challenging the will. This could speed up the probate process if the disinherited heirs make a decision to fight the new will. When a will goes into probate, it is made a public record anyway.
What about pour-over wills? A pour-over will is a will that declares that the estate goes to the living will at the time of death — where it will be disbursed by the trustee of the living will. In this case, if the executor of the estate and the trustee are the same person, a copy of the will is sent to the trustee and to the beneficiaries. If the executor of the estate and the trustee are different, a copy only needs to be sent to each of them.
Pour-over wills have pros and cons. A pour-over will, along with a living will, can keep the estate owner from having to put all of his or her assets into the living will while he or she is alive. On the other hand, the assets in the will may end up in probate, while the assets in the living will do not have to go to probate court. Also, wills become public records when they go to probate, and living trusts are private and are not made public.
Source: about money, “What Happens at the Reading of a Will?” Julie Garber, Sep. 17, 2014
For El Paso families, a home is more than a financial investment. Homes are often imbued with memories and love, making it even harder to give up a home through the process of foreclosure. For many families, though, foreclosure seems like the only option when emergency bills or a loss of a job change income or expenses drastically.
Families who try to go through the foreclosure process on their own may overlook resources and help that could assist them in remaining in their home. Banks are not infallible, and mistakes in accounting do happen. Even in tough times, it could be possible to work with a bank to keep your home. Even if a lender is in the process of foreclosing on your home, it’s not too late. Our foreclosure page notes that defense options are available to homeowners in a variety of situations.
Before giving up, an experienced advocate can provide a number of options, including working to find alternative financing arrangements that works with a family’s budget while satisfying lender requirements. Legal assistance may involve reviewing mortgage records to ensure no errors were made as well as seeking options for loan modifications.
In some cases, saving the family home may not be possible. Simply turning everything over to a bank may not be the best course of action, though. A legal representative can help families work through short sale or foreclosure processes to ensure the best possible outcome from what may be an unpleasant task. Understanding your options and working to reduce the negative outcome of a foreclosure can help you move forward with a stronger future.
Source: The Law Offices of Victor H. Falvey, “El Paso Foreclosure Litigation Attorney” Sep. 12, 2014
A property developer and a major energy company in Texas are continuing to quarrel over contentious hydrogen sulfide lines on a plot of land in Odessa. The developer and the energy company each contend that the other party is responsible for burying the flow lines that carry the poisonous gas through the plot of land. While the real estate dispute is continuing in court, local officials say that the health and welfare of area workers is being compromised because of the exposed lines.
The plot of land in question is located close to the Ector County Detention Center, and the plot is connected to three oil wells. Flow lines for the poisonous hydrogen sulfide gas are connected to these oil operations. Currently, the lines are exposed because there is no surface development on the plot. However, about 500 workers are now performing tasks on the land every day — and some of them are driving over the exposed lines.
The real estate dispute involves Devon Energy suing the purchaser of the land, who wants to create surface developments on the plot. The conflict apparently lies in a poorly defined segment of Texas regulatory law. The state does not dictate responsibility for burying the flow lines. Oil leases sometimes determine responsibility, but regulatory guidance on the issue is spotty, at best.
Official reports show that the landowner believes he is being bullied by the oil company. The cost of burying the lines would only be about $92,000 — and the energy company is proposing to pay half of that cost. Still, the landowner in the real estate dispute is refusing to pay because of principle.
Real estate disputes often occur because of a lack of regulatory guidance. In such cases, the parties must resolve the purchase disputes in civil court, sometimes involving government entities. Ultimately, the safety and health of residents and workers should motivate parties to reach resolutions in such controversial cases.
Source: OA Online, “Developer, oil company fight over H2S lines” Corey Paul, Sep. 07, 2014
Some states have conservatorships but in Texas, we have guardianships. The purpose of a guardian is to act on behalf of a person who is either a minor or who is incapacitated and unable to make decisions for themselves. The minor or incapacitated person is considered the ward, and the guardian for the ward is appointed by the court to care for him or her and related property.
A person is appointed as either a guardian of a person, or he or she may be appointed as a guardian of the estate of the person. It is possible that the court could appoint one person as both, or separate individuals could be appointed for each. In either case, the appointed guardian is required to post a bond in whatever amount the court sets to ensure the duties as a fiduciary are fulfilled.
A guardian of a person is usually responsible for the total care and protection of his or her ward, unless the court has defined restrictions. The guardian has the authority to consent to medical treatment as well as psychiatric treatment for the ward. The guardian is also responsible for the ward’s shelter, food and clothing as well as other needs.
A guardian of the estate for a minor or incapacitated person is responsible for the financial assets of the ward. The guardian must file inventory reports of all assets. In addition, the guardian must also file yearly statements of assets, finances and expenditures.
Per Texas laws, guardianship for an individual is appointed based on a priority list. For instance, if a minor is in need of a guardian, his or her parents would be the first choice, a person designated by the ward’s last surviving parent would be the second choice, then direct relatives and on down the line. The court also has the right to use discrimination and pass over those who they believe are ineligible, inexperienced or incapable.
Guardianships come with an enormous responsibility and can be very complicated. Legal assistance is required for the implementation of most guardianships.
Source: Texas Probate Web Site, “Frequently Asked Questions About Guardianship” Sep. 04, 2014